Glossary.


A B S -

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) is one of the most widely used plastics. Due to its high impact resistance and durability for heavy-duty applications. ABS has found wide acceptance in the refrigeration and automotive industries, as well as in the printing and display markets. ABS is particularly suitable for vacuum forming and screenprinting.

Available in various thicknesses, sheet sizes and colours



CMYK -

Stands for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black. These are the primary colours that we use to print in full colour.  (RGB Red, Green and Blue are the primary colours for light).



Converting text to Paths / Curves -

This is done to avoid problems with fonts. After converting, the text cannot be altered again.



Image resolution -

Refers to the number of dots per unit of printed length of an image, usually measured in dots per inch (dpi). The better the quality of an image is, the higher the resolution.

To print high res graphics on a large scale we normally require images to be A2 size @ 300dpi.



M D F -

Medium Density Fiberboard, sometimes known as Supa wood.



Pantone -

Solid colour communication system based on visual matching of individual, pre-mixed colours. Used in the printing industry  to select, specify and precisely match the various colours.
The PANTONE MATCHING SYSTEM ® consists of a series of books with thousands of precisely printed colours alongside printer’s formulas for mixing each colour.



Perspex -

PERSPEX - CAST ACRYLIC SHEET

Acrylic is by far the most widely used plastic in the signage industry. Perspex cast acrylic sheet with excellent UV resistance, weathering, and thermoforming properties is available in a large colour range. Used heavily in fabrication for applications such as signage, point of purchase, glazing, barriers, and furniture. Part of a family used for it’s consistent quality, colour palette, inspiring surface effects, durability and for the creative potential it affords beyond competing acrylics and traditional material such as wood, steel, glass or ceramics.

One of the most important arguments for using acrylic is colour. We offer the standard Perspex colour range, matt finish sheets in various colours and fluorescent brightt acrylic colours.



Polycarbonate -

Impact strength is perhaps the most important of the many features of polycarbonate sheet. It is 250 times stronger than glass, and 30 times stronger than acrylic. Whether it is used as window glazing or in signs, rocks, bottles, hailstones will bounce off it.

It is virtually unbreakable. Design versatility allows polycarbonate sheet to be used in many ways. It can be vacuum formed and painted into high strength outdoor illumination signs. It can be cold bent on site for curved architectural glazing.

Polycarbonate Chairmats also available in bronze or clear.



Raster file -

These files are scanned images or the images have been created in Photoshop. Included are also pixel-based programs.



RGB -

Stands for Red, Green, and Blue.  These are the Primary Colours of Light and computer screens display in RGB.  Designers use files made up in RGB so as to reduce file size;  by doing this they can reduce a file by 25%, however, printers print in CMYK - see above -  and we do not get a true conversion of colour when  we convert from RGB to CMYK.




Vectored file -

This is artwork with points and lines which can be manipulated, and any colour changes can also be made.  Examples of vectored files would be Freehand, Illustrator, PDF or CorelDraw files that DON'T contain any scanned images.



Vignette -

This is a colour fade, the fade going from dark to light.











Format Options.








Want to see other frequently asked questions relating to artwork specs, why not try the FAQ section.